SAINT JULIAN OF NORWICH
One means of introducing ourselves to this great English author, Saint Julian of Norwich, is through film. We have produced a 40 minute DVD told only in Saint Julian's words with visuals, paintings and scenery. Saint Julian herself will take us on a journey of Divine Love as recorded in her famous book 'The Revelations of Divine Love'.
We produced the film in the year 2015 because Saint Julian is one of our English Saints and her writings are rich with Catholic theology. We were especially interested in the texts of her meditations upon the Passion of Christ.
Julian of Norwich was an anchoress, mystic and spiritual writer who died after 1413. She is popular with Anglicans and Catholics, thus causing confusion as to whether or not she is classed a Catholic Saint. Saint Julian lived before the Protestant Reformation and the division of Christians in England into Catholics and Anglicans.
There are Anglican nuns of an order dedicated to Saint Julian and books by Anglicans so it is understandable that Catholics are often wary of her spirituality and can mistrust her theology. However, there are good Catholic editions of her writings available which in full context show her Roman Catholic theological understanding and spirituality.
This is why we wished to have a film available on Saint Julian in our catalog.
Keeping in theme with Saint Julian's spiritual atmosphere, we traveled to a ruined missionary church in the forests near Petworth, West Sussex, last year and spent a few hours capturing some very contemplative and mystical imagery of Saint Julian at prayer, writing or walking.
Saint Julian of Norwich is best known for her work, The Revelations of Divine Love, which consists of a description of a series of Sixteen 'Showings' as she calls them. These are visions concerning the Most Holy Trinity and the Passion of Christ given to her during a period of illness in the 1373.
We are given insights into Saint Julian's character and biographical information throughout.
Saint Julian then devoted the whole of her remaining life to the contemplation of the visions. The result was the book titled ' The Revelations of Divine Love' which has become a classic in Christian Spirituality.
Saint Julian's life is only known in few details because she lived her life as an English Catholic anchoress. She spent most of her life in solitude and prayer within a small anchorhold attached to the church in Norwich, England.
Saint Julian described herself as a “simple creature unlettered.”
Although Saint Julian was never beatified or Canonized by the Church, she is honored with her own unofficial feast day, is referred to as 'Saint' and holds a place among the greatest of English mystics.
Our film about Saint Julian of Norwich is presented by Saint Julian through her writings and is a way of getting to know her characters and work. It is available on DVD in all region formats, shipped worldwide, through our online shop:
Our film has proven to be a very popular and useful resource for Christians and secular readers.
|Julian of Norwich by Pope Benedict XVI|
Cloistered monasteries, oases of peace
At the General Audience on Wednesday, 1 December , held in the Paul IV Audience Hall, the Holy Father talked about Dame Julian of Norwich. This English anchoress who lived in the late 14th and early 15th centuries is best known for her book "Revelations of Divine Love in Sixteen Showings". The following is a translation of the Pope's Catechesis, given in Italian.
I still remember with great joy the Apostolic Journey I made in the United Kingdom last September. England is a land that has given birth to a great many distinguished figures who enhanced Church history with their testimony and their teaching. One of them, venerated both in the Catholic Church and in the Anglican Communion, is the mystic Julian of Norwich, of whom I wish to speak this morning.
The — very scant — information on her life in our possession comes mainly from her Revelations of Divine Love in Sixteen Showings, the book in which this kindly and devout woman set down the content of her visions.
It is known that she lived from 1342 until about 1430, turbulent years both for the Church, torn by the schism that followed the Pope's return to Rome from Avignon, and for the life of the people who were suffering the consequences of a long drawn-out war between the Kingdoms of England and of France. God, however, even in periods of tribulation, does not cease to inspire figures such as Julian of Norwich, to recall people to peace, love and joy.
As Julian herself recounts, in May 1373, most likely on the 13th of that month, she was suddenly stricken with a very serious illness that in three days seemed to be carrying her to the grave. After the priest, who hastened to her bedside, had shown her the Crucified One not only did Julian rapidly recover her health but she received the 16 revelations that she subsequently wrote down and commented on in her book, Revelations of Divine Love.
And it was the Lord himself, 15 years after these extraordinary events, who revealed to her the meaning of those visions.
"'Would you learn to see clearly your Lord's meaning in this thing? Learn it well: Love was his meaning. Who showed it to you? Love.... Why did he show it to you? For Love'.... Thus I was taught that Love was our Lord's meaning" (Julian of Norwich, Revelations of Divine Love, Chapter 86).
Inspired by divine love, Julian made a radical decision. Like an ancient anchoress, she decided to live in a cell located near the church called after St Julian, in the city of Norwich — in her time an important urban centre not far from London.
She may have taken the name of Julian precisely from that Saint to whom was dedicated the church in whose vicinity she lived for so many years, until her death.
This decision to live as a "recluse", the term in her day, might surprise or even perplex us. But she was not the only one to make such a choice. In those centuries a considerable number of women opted for this form of life, adopting rules specially drawn up, for them, such as the rule compiled by St Aelred of Rievaulx.
The anchoresses or "recluses", in their cells, devoted themselves to prayer, meditation and study. In this way they developed a highly refined human and religious sensitivity which earned them the veneration of the people. Men and women of every age and condition in need of advice and comfort, would devoutly seek them. It was not, therefore, an individualistic choice; precisely with this closeness to the Lord, Julian developed the ability to be a counsellor to a great many people and to help those who were going through difficulties in this life.
We also know that Julian too received frequent visitors, as is attested by the autobiography of another fervent Christian of her time, Margery Kempe, who went to Norwich in 1413 to receive advice on her spiritual life. This is why, in her lifetime, Julian was called "Dame Julian", as is engraved on the funeral monument that contains her remains. She had become a mother to many.
Men and women who withdraw to live in God's company acquire by making this decision a great sense of compassion for the suffering and weakness of others. As friends of God, they have at their disposal a wisdom that the world — from which they have distanced themselves — does not possess and they amiably share it with those who knock at their door.
I therefore recall with admiration and gratitude the women and men's cloistered monasteries. Today more than ever they are oases of peace and hope, a precious treasure for the whole Church, especially since they recall the primacy of God and the importance, for the journey of faith, of constant and intense prayer.
It was precisely in the solitude infused with God that Julian of Norwich wrote her Revelations of Divine Love. Two versions have come down to us, one that is shorter, probably the older, and one that is longer. This book contains a message of optimism based on the certainty of being loved by God and of being protected by his Providence.
In this book we read the following wonderful words: "And I saw full surely that ere God made us he loved us; which love was never lacking nor ever shall be. And in this love he has made all his works; and in this love he has made all things profitable to us; and in this love our life is everlasting... in which love we have our beginning. And all this shall we see in God, without end" (Revelations of Divine Love, Chapter 86).
The theme of divine love recurs frequently in the visions of Julian of Norwich who, with a certain daring, did not hesitate to compare them also to motherly love. This is one of the most characteristic messages of her mystical theology.
The tenderness, concern and gentleness of God's kindness to us are so great that they remind us, pilgrims on earth, of a mother's love for her children. In fact the biblical prophets also sometimes used this language that calls to mind the tenderness, intensity and totality of God's love, which is manifested in creation and in the whole history of salvation that is crowned by the Incarnation of the Son.
God, however, always excels all human love, as the Prophet Isaiah says: "Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should have no compassion on the son of her womb? Even these may forget, yet I will never forget you" (Is 49:15).
Julian of Norwich understood the central message for spiritual life: God is love and it is only if one opens oneself to this love, totally and with total trust, and lets it become one's sole guide in life, that all things are transfigured, true peace and true joy found and one is able to radiate it.
I would like to emphasize another point. The Catechism of the Catholic Church cites the words of Julian of Norwich when it explains the viewpoint of the Catholic faith on an argument that never ceases to be a provocation to all believers (ff. nn. 304-313, 314).
If God is supremely good and wise, why do evil and the suffering of innocents exist? And the Saints themselves asked this very question. Illumined by faith, they give an answer that opens our hearts to trust and hope: in the mysterious designs of Providence, God can draw a greater good even from evil, as Julian of Norwich wrote: "Here I was taught by the grace of God that I should steadfastly hold me in the Faith ... and that ... I should take my stand on and earnestly believe in ... that 'all manner of thing shall be well'" (The Revelations of Divine Love, Chapter 32).
Yes, dear brothers and sisters, God's promises are ever greater than our expectations. If we present to God, to his immense love, the purest and deepest desires of our heart, we shall never be disappointed. "And all will be well", "all manner of things shall be well": this is the final message that Julian of Norwich transmits to us and that I am also proposing to you today. Many thanks.
Weekly Edition in English
8 December 2010, page 19
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